UpGuard Blog

The Best Way to Measure Cyber Risk

Information technology has changed the way people do business. For better, it has brought speed, scale, and functionality to all aspects of commerce and communication. For worse, it has brought the risks of data exposure, breach, and outage. The damage that can be done to a business through its technology is known as cyber risk, and with the increasing consequences of such incidents, managing cyber risk, especially among third parties, is fast becoming a critical aspect of any organization. The specialized nature of cyber risk requires the translation of technical details into business terms. Security ratings and cyber risk assessments serve this purpose, much like a credit score does for assessing the risk of a loan. But the methodologies employed by solutions in this space vary greatly, as do their results.

Filed under: security ratings, vendor risk, cyberrisk

How UpGuard Monitors Linux Systems for Meltdown and Spectre

Meltdown/Spectre Overview

Meltdown and Spectre are critical vulnerabilities affecting a large swathe of processors: “effectively every [Intel] processor since 1995 (except Intel Itanium and Intel Atom before 2013),” as meltdownattack.com puts it. ARM and AMD processors are susceptible to portions of Meltdown, though much less at risk than the affected Intel hardware. Exploiting Meltdown allows attackers to access data from other programs, effectively allowing them to steal whatever data they want.

Protecting Against Meltdown and Spectre on Windows

A Worst Case Scenario

This week it was revealed that a severe vulnerability in a majority of processors has existed for nearly ten years, affecting millions of computers around the world, including all the major cloud providers who rely on Intel chips in their data centers. Essentially, this flaw grants complete access to protected memory, including secrets like passwords, from any program on the exploited computer. Even from the web. This flaw is so serious that allegations have already been made that Intel’s CEO sold millions of dollars of stock in the company after the flaw was found, but before it was revealed to the public, the idea being that a vulnerability of this magnitude would be enough to substantially hurt Intel on the market, even though it affects some ARM and AMD processors as well.

Filed under: Microsoft, Windows, vulnerabilities, meltdown

Minimizing Cyber Risk in Microsoft Environments

Microsoft’s enterprise software powers the majority of large environments. Though often hybridized with open source solutions and third party offerings, the core components of Windows Server, Exchange, and SQL Server form the foundation of many organizations’ data centers. Despite their prevalence in the enterprise, Microsoft systems have also carried a perhaps unfair reputation for insecurity, compared to Linux and other enterprise options. But the insecurities exploited in Microsoft software are overwhelmingly caused by misconfigurations and process errors, not flaws in the technology— patches are not applied on a quick and regular cadence; settings are not hardened according to best practices; dangerous defaults are left in place in production; unused modules and services are not disabled and removed.

Microsoft has come a long way to bring its out-of-the-box security up to snuff with its famous usability, not to mention introducing command-line and programmatic methods by which to manage their systems. But even now, the careful control necessary to run a secure and reliable data center on any platform can be difficult to maintain all of the time at scale.

Filed under: SQL, IIS, Microsoft, Windows, cyber risk, policies, cybersecurity

Inside the Security Ratings for the Riskiest Government Contractors

The government of the Unites States of America is perhaps the largest target on Earth for cyber attacks. The US has plenty of enemies, a track record of perpetrating cyber warfare and espionage (even upon its allies), numerous recent instances of susceptibility to such attacks, countless official documents attesting to its weakness against cyber attacks, and, of course, the US government leads the wealthiest nation with the most powerful military. These facts are not lost on the good people responsible for the well being of American citizens and people all over the world.

Filed under: CSTAR, cyber risk, data breach, security ratings

Preventing Data Breaches

Data is being mishandled. Despite spending billions on cybersecurity solutions, data breaches continue to plague private companies, government organizations, and their vendors. The reason cybersecurity solutions have not mitigated this problem is that the overwhelming majority of data exposure incidents are due to misconfigurations, not cutting edge cyber attacks. These misconfigurations are the result of process errors during data handling, and often leave massive datasets completely exposed to the internet for anyone to stumble across.

Filed under: data breaches, S3, github, cloudleaks, rsync

Securing GitHub Permissions with UpGuard

GitHub is a popular online code repository used by over 26 million people across the world for personal and enterprise uses. GitHub offers a way for people to collaborate on a distributed code base with powerful versioning, merging, and branching features. GitHub has become a common way to outsource the logistics of managing a code base repository so that teams can focus on the coding itself.

But as GitHub has become a de facto standard, even among software companies, it has also become a vector for data breaches— the code stored on GitHub ranges from simple student tests to proprietary corporate software worth millions of dollars. Like any server, network device, database, or other digital surface, GitHub suffers from misconfiguration.

Filed under: security, Validation, github

What Constitutes a Company's Web Presence?

Introduction

The Internet Footprint

There is much more to a company’s internet presence than just a website. Even a single website has multiple facets that operate under the surface to provide the functionality users have become accustomed to. The internet footprint for every company comprises all of their websites, registered domains, servers, IP addresses, APIs, DNS records, certificates, vendors, and other third parties-- anything that is accessible from the internet. The larger the footprint, the more digital surfaces it contains, the more complex are its inner workings, and the more resources it requires to maintain. Because although having an internet presence is basically a given these days, the risk incurred by that presence is not always acknowledged.

Filed under: cyber risk, third-party vendor risk, vendor risk

Security Ratings Explained

The Problem of Digitization

The digitization of business has increased the speed of commerce, the scope of customers, the understanding of consumer habits, and the efficiency of operations across the board. It has also increased the risk surface of business, creating new dangers and obstacles for the business itself, not just its technology. This risk is compounded by the interrelations of digital businesses as data handling and technological infrastructure is outsourced, as each third party becomes a vector for breach or exposure for the primary company. The technical nature of this risk makes it inaccessible to those without advanced skills and knowledge, leaving organizations without visibility into an extremely valuable and critical part of the business.

Filed under: cyber risk, cybersecurity, third-party vendor risk, security ratings, vendor risk

Resilience in the Age of Automated Hacking

When we think about cyber attacks, we usually think about the malicious actors behind the attacks, the people who profit or gain from exploiting digital vulnerabilities and trafficking sensitive data. In doing so, we can make the mistake of ascribing the same humanity to their methods, thinking of people sitting in front of laptops, typing code into a terminal window. But the reality is both more banal and more dangerous: just like businesses, governments, and other organizations have begun to index data and automate processes, the means of finding and exploiting internet-connected systems are largely performed by computers. There’s no security in obscurity if there’s no obscurity.

Filed under: automation, hack, cyber resilience

What are Security Ratings?

Security ratings are like credit ratings, but for the assessment of a company’s web-facing applications. Where a credit rating lets a company determine the risk of lending to a prospective debtor, a security rating lets it decide how risky it will be to deal with another in handling data. The comparison even flattens out when we remember one of the key principles ofcyber resilience: that cyber risk “is actually business risk, and always has been.”

Filed under: CSTAR, cyber risk, third-party vendor risk, security ratings

UpGuard CyberRisk and Fair and Accurate Security Ratings Principles

In June of 2017 the U.S. Chamber of Commerce posted the “Principles for Fair and Accurate Security Ratings,” a document supported by a number of organizations interested in the emerging market for measuring cyber risk. The principles provide a starting point for understanding the current state of security ratings and for establishing a shared baseline for assessing vendors in that market.

Filed under: CSTAR, cybersecurity, cyber resilience, security ratings, vendor risk, cyberrisk

Infrastructure Indexing: or, Why Server Headers Matter More than Ever

When we think about cyber attacks, we usually think about the malicious actors behind the attacks, the people who profit or gain from exploiting digital vulnerabilities and trafficking sensitive data. In doing so, we can make the mistake of ascribing the same humanity to their methods, thinking of people sitting in front of laptops, typing code into a terminal window. But the reality is both more banal and more dangerous: just like businesses, governments, and other organizations, hackers have begun to index data and automate hacking processes: the work of finding and exploiting internet-connected systems is largely performed by computers. There’s no security in obscurity if there’s no obscurity.

Filed under: cyber risk, cyber resilience, server headers, indexing

Caught In The AWS Tarpit

Guest post by UpGuard engineer Nickolas Littau

While running a series of unit tests that make API calls to Amazon Web Services (AWS), I noticed something strange: tests were failing unpredictably. Sometimes all the tests would pass, then on the next run, a few would fail, and the time after that, a different set would fail.

The errors I was getting didn’t seem to make any sense:

Filed under: AWS, ruby, engineering

Cyber Resilience: What It Is and Why You Need It

 

The way businesses handle the risks posed by their technology is changing. As with anything, adaptability is survivability. When the techniques, methods, and philosophies of the past aren’t working, the time has come to find something better to replace them. Cyber resilience is a set of practices and perspectives that mitigate risk within the processes and workflow of normal operations in order to protect organizations from their own technology and the people who would try to exploit it. This includes all forms of cyber attacks, but also applies to process errors inside the business that put data and assets in danger without outside help.

Filed under: devops, cyber risk, cyber resilience, devsecops

How to Build a Sustainable Digital Business in the Cloud

Technology and Information

How much digital technology is required for your business to operate? Unless this document has traveled back in time, the chances are quite a lot. Now consider how much digital technology your vendors require to operate. The scope of technology grows quickly when you consider how vast the interconnected ecosystem of digital business really is. But digital business isn’t just about technology, it’s about information. For many companies, the information they handle is just as critical as the systems that process it, if not more so.

Filed under: cloud, cyber risk, digital resilience, misconfiguration, cyber resilience

How Can Cloud Leaks Be Prevented?

When we examined the differences between breaches, attacks, hacks, and leaks, it wasn’t just an academic exercise. The way we think about this phenomenon affects the way we react to it. Put plainly: cloud leaks are an operational problem, not a security problem. Cloud leaks are not caused by external actors, but by operational gaps in the day-to-day work of the data handler. The processes by which companies create and maintain cloud storage must account for the risk of public exposure.

Filed under: AWS, cyber risk, process, Procedures, third-party vendor risk, cloudleaks

Why Do Cloud Leaks Matter?

Introduction

Previously we introduced the concept of cloud leaks, and then examined how they happen. Now we’ll take a look at why they matter. To understand the consequences of cloud leaks for the organizations involved, we should first take a close look at exactly what it is that’s being leaked. Then we can examine some of the traditional ways information has been exploited, as well as some new and future threats such data exposures pose.

Filed under: AWS, process, cloudleaks

Why Do Cloud Leaks Happen?

Making Copies

In our first article on cloud leaks, we took a look at what they were and why they should be classified separately from other cyber incidents. To understand how cloud leaks happen and why they are so common, we need to step back and first take a look at the way that leaked information is first generated, manipulated, and used. It’s almost taken as a foregone conclusion that these huge sets of sensitive data exist and that companies are doing something with them, but when you examine the practice of information handling, it becomes clear that organizing a resilient process becomes quite difficult at scale; operational gaps and process errors lead to vulnerable assets, which in turn lead to cloud leaks.

Filed under: AWS, misconfiguration, cloudleaks

What Are Cloud Leaks?

Breaches, Hacks, Leaks, Attacks

It seems like every day there’s a new incident of customer data exposure. Credit card and bank account numbers; medical records; personally identifiable information (PII) such as address, phone number, or SSN— just about every aspect of social interaction has an informational counterpart, and the social access this information provides to third parties gives many people the feeling that their privacy has been severely violated when it’s exposed.

Filed under: AWS, Azure, cyber risk, IT operations, S3, cloudleaks

Procedures: Runbook Automation that Works

One of the challenges of building and running information technology systems is solving novel problems. That's where frameworks like scrum and agile come in– getting from the unknown to the known with a minimum of frustration and waste. Another challenge is performing known tasks correctly every single time. Here runbooks, checklists, and documentation are your friend. And yet, despite a crowded market for IT process automation offerings, misconfigurations and missed patches are still a problem– and not just a problem, but the root cause of 75-99% of outages of breaches depending on platform.

Executable Documentation

Filed under: automation, Procedure, Runbook, Procedures, processes

Check your Amazon S3 permissions. Someone will.

Nearly all large enterprises use the cloud to host servers, services, or data. Cloud hosted storage, like Amazon's S3, provides operational advantages over traditional computing that allow resources to be automatically distributed across robust and geographically varied servers. However, the cloud is part of the internet, and without proper care, the line separating the two disappears completely in cloud leaks— a major problem when it comes to sensitive information.

Filed under: security, AWS, cloud, S3, Procedures

Assessing Critical Cyber Risks with UpGuard

Given the complexity of modern information technology, assessing cyber risk can quickly become overwhelming. One of the most pragmatic guides comes from the Center for Internet Security (CIS). While CIS provides a comprehensive list of twenty controls, they also provide guidance on the critical steps that "eliminate the vast majority of your organisation's vulnerabilities." These controls are the foundation of any cyber resilience platform and at the center of UpGuard's capabilities.

Filed under: configuration, configuration management, upguard, cyber risk, vulnerabilities

5 Biggest Takeaways From WannaCry Ransomware

Global in scale, with across the board press coverage, the WannaCry ransomware attack has quickly gained a reputation as one of the worst cyber incidents in recent memory. Despite the scale, this attack relied on the same tried and true methods as other successful malware: find exposed ports on the Internet, and then exploit known software vulnerabilities. When put that way, the attack loses its mystique. But there’s still a lot we can learn from this incident, and we’ve summed up the five most important takeaways to keep in mind going forward.

Filed under: security, cyber attack, ransomware, wannacry

UpGuard Capability: Demonstrating DFS 23 NYCRR 500 Compliance

UpGuard makes a cyber resilience platform designed for exactly the realities that necessitate regulations like New York State Department of Financial Services 23 NYCRR 500. On one hand, businesses need to store, processes, and maintain availability for growing stores of valuable data; on the other, the very conditions for market success open them to attacks from increasingly sophisticated and motivated attackers. Balancing these requirements makes a business resilient, and UpGuard provides the visibility, analysis, and automation needed to thrive while satisfying regulations like NYCRR 500.

 

Filed under: upguard, cyber risk, Regulations

Visualizing Cyber Risk with UpGuard's Home Page Dashboard

Why dashboards?
Nobody’s perfect. Success is almost always determined through trial and error, learning from mistakes and course-correcting to avoid them in the future. The length of this cycle— from experiment to result, incorporated into future decisions— determines how quickly a trajectory can be altered, which in turn offers more opportunities to succeed. However, capturing and using hard data to make these adjustments is more difficult than it seems. Dashboards visualize real time data and recent trends, giving people insight into whether their efforts are succeeding— assuming they’re using the right metrics.

Filed under: upguard, cyber risk, IT management, dashboards

Monitoring AWS with UpGuard: Instances, Load Balancers, and Security Groups

So I've finally gotten the go-ahead from higher-ups to join the twenty-first century and use cloud hosting. Now I need to prove that running in AWS is not just easier than maintaining our own farm, but more stable and secure. To do this, I need to be able to monitor each of my instances for configuration drift, ensure that they are properly provisioned, and maintain visibility into dependencies like load balancers and security groups. Fortunately, UpGuard provides all of this information, so even if something were to go wrong I could catch it before someone else does.

Filed under: AWS, devops, Cloud Computing, upguard

UpGuard Welcomes Security Expert Chris Vickery

UpGuard is proud to announce that security expert Chris Vickery is joining our team as a cyber risk analyst, bringing with him a stunning track record of discovering major data breaches and vulnerabilities across the digital landscape. Chris comes to us from his previous role as a digital security researcher, where among other achievements, he discovered a publicly accessible database containing the voter registration records for 93.4 million Mexican citizens, protecting more than seventy percent of the country’s population from the risk of exposure of their personal information.

Filed under: upguard, cyber risk, working at upguard, data breach

Discovering Important Changes With UpGuard's Real Time Forwarder

A funny thing that’s happened as the digitization of business has sped up in the last ten years is that process cadence has not done well in keeping up. Regulatory compliance standards often use quarters, or even years, as audit intervals, and in unregulated industries that interval can be yet longer. But in the data center, changes happen all the time, changing the risk profile of the business along with it. Determining which changes are the root cause of a problem can be the difference between fixing it and having it happen again.

Filed under: process, change management, RTF

UpGuard and Puppet - Fits Like a Glove

Going from nothing to automation using one of the many tools available can be a daunting task. How can you automate systems when you’re not even 100% sure how they’ve been configured? The documentation is months out of date and the last guy to configure anything on that box has since left the company to ply his trade somewhere that will more fully appreciate his Ops cowboy routine.

Filed under: IT automation, configuration management, puppet, upguard

Data Crunch: Stats or Scoreboards?

When it comes to measuring success for your team, finding a reliable and accurate means for doing so can be more difficult than it might appear. UpGuard's VP of Product, Greg Pollock, wrote about his insights into instituting such metrics and understanding the difference between "behavior" and "results."

Filed under: IT operations, process

Cyber Resilience Challenge: Coke vs Pepsi

 

Few corporate rivalries are as legendary as these two enterprise contenders; admittedly, there have been more than a fair share of comparisons pitting the pair against each other over the last century. So we're offering a twist to the traditional cola challenge: how do Pepsi and Coke stack up in terms of cyber resilience? Read more to find out. 

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cybersecurity

US Air Force Suffers Massive Data Breach

Leading security researchers have confirmed that the U.S. Air Force (USAF) suffered a massive data breach leading to the exposure of sensitive military data and senior staff information. Here's what you need to know about this latest security failure involving the U.S. government.

Filed under: cyber risk, data breach

What You Need to Know About the Cloudbleed Bug

On February 18th, 2017, Google security researchers discovered a massive leak in Cloudflare's services that resulted in the exposure of sensitive data belonging to thousands of its customers. Here's what you need to know about the Cloudbleed bug and what can be done to protect your data.

Filed under: cyber risk, vulnerabilities

Windows RSoP and GPO Scanning Now Available in UpGuard

Managing complexity in heterogeneous infrastructures is a challenge faced by all enterprise IT departments, even if their environments are relegated to *NIX or Windows. In the case of the latter, UpGuard's new RSoP/GPO scanning capability streamlines remediation and compliance efforts by enabling Windows operators to easily scan and monitor the disparate security configurations of their Active Directory (AD) instances and Windows endpoints.

Filed under: Microsoft, Windows, active directory, IT management

Cyber Resilience Showdown: AT&T vs Verizon

As the two leading mobile telecom providers in the U.S., AT&T and Verizon are perpetually at war on almost all fronts—pricing, quality of service, network coverage, and more. But with data breaches at an all time high, security fitness may soon become a critical factor for consumers evaluating wireless service providers. Let's find out how the two compare when it comes to measures of enterprise cyber resilience.

Filed under: CSTAR, cybersecurity

Which Fast Food Chain is Next in Line to Get Hacked?

Arby's announced last week that its recently disclosed data breach may impact 355,000 credit card holders that dined at its restaurants between October 2016 and January 2017. Are fast food vendors resilient enough to sustain future cyber attacks and—more importantly—protect consumers against online threats?

Filed under: CSTAR, cyber risk

How Cyber Resilient Are The Top Online Banks?

Booksellers and electronics retailers aren't the only brick-and-mortar businesses challenged by the rise of highly agile, online-only competitors—traditional retail banking institutions also face stiff competition from Internet-based consumer banking upstarts. But are these born-in-the-cloud banks and financial services offerings safer than their traditional counterparts? Let's take a look at the leading online banks to see if they're equipped to handle today's cyber threats.

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cyber risk

Are Leading IoT Vendors Putting Customers at Risk?

On October 21st, 2016, DNS provider DYN suffered from the largest DDoS attack in history, leaving much of the Internet inaccessible to Europe and North America. The unprecedented event saw cyber attackers orchestrating swathes of Mirai malware-infected IoT and connected devices to perform DNS lookup requests from tens of millions of IP addresses—impressive automated hacking, but hardly sophisticated: the malware gained privileged access by using public, default passwords. Are IoT companies doing enough to secure their "things" against nefarious actors?

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cyber risk

How Secure Are the World's Leading Airlines?

With all the conveniences of modern air travel—mobile check-ins, e-gates, in-flight wifi, and more—it's easy to assume that the world's leading airlines have addressed the inherent cyber risks of digitization. But the safety of in-air passengers is just one aspect of airline customer security; are these companies doing their best to protect customers against online security compromises? Let's take a look at the world's leading airlines to find out. 

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cyber risk

Shorten Your Detection Cycle with UpGuard's Events System

UpGuard's Events systems provides a communication hub to send the data that UpGuard gathers to external systems. Integration between technologies is critical to high performing digital businesses, and UpGuard's Events system provides a simple way to get the information you need the places where you need it.

Filed under: events, features

CES 2017 Highlights: Which Vendors Are Putting Consumers at Risk?

Every year, leading tech/gadget vendors descend upon the world's largest consumer electronics show in an exuberant display of product design wizardry, cutting edge innovation, and of course—a requisite dose of ridiculousness. This year's focus was on connected cars and VR, with IoT device and wearable tech manufacturers out in full force, per the usual. Let's see how good the best of CES 2017 are at protecting customers against cyber attacks.

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cyber risk

Top 11 Cybersecurity Predictions for 2017

2016 was arguably the year when cybersecurity events entered into the global stream of consciousness, from the sabotage of national banks to the hacking of elections. And though we're barely into 2017, the breach announcements have already begun: on January 3rd, a data breach was discovered involving the sensitive data of health workers employed by the US military's Special Operations Command (SOCOM). An increase in government-related security incidents is one of our top predictions for 2017—here are 11 other cybersecurity predictions for the new year.

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cyber risk

Grinches Out in Full Force Scamming Online Holiday Shoppers

Retailers aren’t the only ones benefiting from increased sales around the holidays — scammers and hackers are seeing their own bump in business.

Filed under: hack, cyber attack, cybersecurity, data breach

How Resilient Are the World's Leading Online Learning Providers?

Last week, leading online education provider Lynda.com announced that its database of over 9.5 million accounts were compromised in a recent data breach. With the education space increasingly moving to the internet, are underlying technology providers doing their best to provide a safe learning environment to customers?  

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cyber risk

How Secure Are the Leading Travel Aggregator Websites?

AAA predicts that a record number of Americans will be taking to the skies and roads this holiday season—103 million between Dec. 23-Jan. 2, a 1.5% increase over 2015. 57% of these travel reservations—that's 148 million travellers—booked online. Airfare/hotel/car rental comparison websites are an increasingly popular way to book travel these days, but how good are they at protecting their users' data? Let's take a look at the top 8 online travel aggregators' CSTAR ratings to find out.

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cyber risk

2016: The Year of Preventable Hacks

As the holiday season approaches, the world’s fraudsters, scammers, and blackhats can take no small measure of yuletide cheer from their work in 2016 - a banner year for hacking. Call it the dark side of technological innovation, an equal and opposite reaction to the increasing breadth and efficiency of the internet. 2016 was a record-breaking year for data breaches, powerfully affecting the spheres of life like never before - from a presidential election rife with electronic intrigue, to a business landscape increasingly shaped by hacking. But if there is a silver lining to be found, looking at the most damaging data breaches to actually occur in 2016, it is the depressing fact that some of the worst hacks exploited well-known vulnerabilities which could’ve been easily prevented.

Filed under: cyber risk, hack, cyber attack, government, cybersecurity

2016 DevOps Year in Review

At the start of 2015, Gartner predicted that DevOps adoption would evolve from a niche to mainstream enterprise strategy, resulting in 25% of Global 2000 companies drinking its Kool-Aid by 2016. And while the hype—tempered by the realities of implementation—has more or less died down as of late, the methodology's value to enterprises is no longer a debatable matter. Here are some highlights from 2016 detailing how the year panned out for DevOps and its practitioners.

Filed under: devops, enterprise, cybersecurity

2016: The Year of the Spearphish

On November 29th, after a high-profile year of published leaks and hacks targeting the Democratic Party, Wikileaks struck once more, albeit against an unexpected target: HBGary Federal, a now-defunct government contracting affiliate of the eponymous cybersecurity firm. It was not a name unfamiliar to online observers; in 2011, HBGary Federal CEO Aaron Barr had boldly claimed to have identified the leading members of internet hacking collective Anonymous, drawing attention from federal investigators eager to identify and arrest the culprits behind DDoS attacks in support of Wikileaks.

Filed under: hack, cyber attack, government

Vulnerabilities vs Misconfigurations

Vulnerability assessment is a necessary component of any complete security toolchain, and the most obvious place to start for anyone looking to improve their security. Ironically, starting with vulnerability assessment can actually degrade an organization's overall defense by shifting focus from the cause of most outages and breaches: misconfigurations.

Filed under: configuration testing, system misconfiguration, configuration management, vulnerabilities, misconfiguration

How Resilient Are The World's Leading Video Game Companies?

Once upon a time, video gaming was strictly an offline, console-based affair. Even PC-based titles were relegated to the safe confines of the player's local desktop machine. The arrival of affordable and ubiquitous high-speed internet transformed gaming into a highly interactive online activity; these days, the online component is an integral part of gameplay. But are gaming vendors doing enough to protect users against today's cyber threats?

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cyber risk

How Safe Is Your Cyber Monday?

It’s hard to believe Thanksgiving is almost here, and with it, the frenzy of the holiday shopping season fast approaches. Whether you are camping out overnight for “Black Friday” bargains, or waiting for the online deals of “Cyber Monday,” the odds are you are more nervous than ever about the safety and security of your financial information against holiday scammers. At least, so indicate the results of UpGuard’s survey of over 1,200 respondents in November 2016. The survey finds that 95% of consumers are to some degree concerned about the security of their information online, and more than half would break with their favorite brands if they knew their information was at risk; full survey results can be viewed here.

Filed under: CSTAR, retail, cybersecurity, chrome extension

Etcd Monitoring Now Available in UpGuard

Containers are all the rage these days, and for good reason: technologies such as Docker and CoreOS drastically simplify the packaging and shipping of applications, enabling them to scale without additional hardware or virtual machines. But with these benefits come issues related to management overhead and complexity—namely, how can developers quickly achieve visibility and validate configurations across distributed container clusters? The answer is with UpGuard's new etcd monitoring capabilities. 

Filed under: docker, coreos, kubernetes

Improved Control with Policy Variables and Overrides

Policies are an important part of how UpGuard works, but in large implementations, policy bloat can make managing different groups of devices unwieldy. To combat this, UpGuard has implemented policy variables and variable override options in version 2.29 to allow people to better use a single policy across multiple groups. Out-of-the-box policies don’t always offer the necessary flexibility to adjust to real environments, but with UpGuard’s policy variables and overrides, administrators can adjust their expected configurations to apply to multiple systems or environments, taking into account their differences, and allowing them to focus on maintaining the configurations they care about.

Filed under: configuration testing, Configuration Drift, policies

How Much Are Service Outages Costing the Airline Industry?

Several of the world's leading airlines are getting the travel season off to a rocky start: last week, American Airlines and Alaska Airlines resolved a technical glitch causing reservation/check-in and delays across 15 flights. With the holidays approaching, can airlines weather mounting losses caused by their aging computer systems and IT infrastructures?

Filed under: vulnerabilities, cybersecurity, transportation

The New OAuth Flaw That Leaves Over a Billion Mobile Accounts Exposed

Your website's perimeter security couldn't be any better: sitewide SSL and DMARC/DNSSEC are enabled, software versions aren't being leaked in your headers, and all other resilience checks are green. But how secure is your mobile app? Unfortunately, like most companies, you've outsourced mobile app development to a third-party agency and have little visibility into their security practices. And if your app supports Facebook and Google sign-ons, you may be in trouble: a security team recently discovered an OAuth 2.0 flaw that's already left over a billion apps exposed. 

Filed under: vulnerabilities, cybersecurity

Hack The Vote!

Happy Election Day! As you head to the polls to vote, take a moment to check out this article from UpGuard's cybersecurity researchers analyzing the shadowy campaign financing organizations that helped fund this election - and how their activities might not remain so secret for long, if hackers have their way.  Now go vote!

Filed under: cyber risk, government, cybersecurity

Resilience Is the Lifeblood of Digital Health

Last month, around 1.3 million records belonging to over half a million blood donor applicants were breached when the Australian Red Cross' web development agency Precedent left a database backup exposed on a public website. The venerable non-profit has since taken responsibility and apologized for the incident, despite being the fault of a third party agency. If anything, the mishap serves to illustrate that resilience—not stronger cybersecurity—is the key enabler of safe healthcare digitization.

Filed under: enterprise, healthcare, cybersecurity

New York Cybersecurity Regulations Explained (Updated)

Recently, New York’s Department of Financial Services and Gov. Andrew Cuomo released their long-awaited proposal for cybersecurity regulations regarding banking and financial services companies. The proposal, if implemented, would be the first mandatory state-level regulations on cybersecurity and promises to deliver sweeping protections to consumers and financial institutions alike. In Gov. Cuomo’s words: "This regulation helps guarantee the financial services industry upholds its obligation to protect consumers and ensure that its systems are sufficiently constructed to prevent cyberattacks to the fullest extent possible."

Filed under: compliance, government, NY, Regulations

How Lack of Visibility Resulted in the Most Devastating Data Breach to Date

Government/politics, and cybersecurity—these topics may seem plucked from recent U.S. election headlines, but they're actually themes that have persisted over the last decade, reaching a pinnacle with the massive OPM data breach that resulted in the theft of over 22 million records—fingerprints, social security numbers, personnel information, security-clearance files, and more. Last month, a key government oversight panel issued a scathing 241 page analysis blaming the agency for jeopardizing U.S. national security for generations. The main culprit? Lack of visibility.

Filed under: enterprise, government, cybersecurity

How Risky Partners Increase Your Cyber Risk Exposure

This is not an opener for a sex-ed public service announcement, but in fact the million-dollar question for today's enterprise CISOs and CROs: which vendor in the supply chain will prove to be the riskiest bedfellow? With 63% of all data breaches caused directly or indirectly by third party vendors, enterprise measures to bolster cyber resilience must now include the evaluation of partners' security as part of a broader cyber risk management strategy. Easier said than done: most third parties are unlikely to admit to their security shortcomings, and—as it turns out—even if they did, most firms wouldn't believe them anyway.

Filed under: devops, enterprise, cybersecurity

How Secure Are the World's Leading ERP Vendors?

Last week, leading global ERP vendor SAP was busier than usual in the patch department: it released a record amount of closed issues per month and addressed 48 vulnerabilities—one of them an authentication bypass vulnerability previously left unaddressed for 3 years. Given how mission-critical ERP systems are for centralizing business operations these days, is it safe to assume that ERP vendors are serious about their customers' security? Let's take a look at the leading solution providers in this category to find out.

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cyber risk

Why Rugged Devops Is Important for Enterprise Cyber Resilience

DevOps has proven to be more than just an industry buzzword, but as the term starts to gain widespread use in modern software development parlance, an emerging successor has begun to take hold: Rugged DevOps, also known as SecDevOps/DevSecOps. RSA Conference (RSAC) 2016 dedicated a track to the emerging practice earlier this year, so it's likely to become as prevalent as its predecessor by next year's end—especially since RSAC plans to highlight the methodology again in 2017.

Filed under: devops, enterprise, cybersecurity

Achieving Cyber Resilience When Attackers Hold the Trump Card

As enterprises resign themselves to the sobering fact that security compromises are unavoidable, another resulting inevitability is coming into play: ensuing lawsuits and class actions spurred by data breaches and customer data loss. Last week, the Republican presidential nominee's hotel chain and the U.S.' third largest search engine came to terms with this reality. What does the future hold for organizations facing inexorable data breaches coupled with the spectre of resulting litigation? 

Filed under: malware, vulnerabilities, data breach

Paid-to-click Surveys: Your Opinions Don't Matter to Cyber Attackers

Does filling out an online survey in exchange for a few bucks sound too good be true? For ClixSense users, this is turning out to be the case: last week, the leading paid-to-click (PTC) survey firm admitted to a massive data breach involving virtually all of its users' accounts—roughly 6.6 million records in total. With so many giving in to the allure of easy money, PTC firms should be on top of securing privileged data of survey takers they're bankrolling. Let's find out how the top 5 compare when it comes to fulfilling this critical responsibility.

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cyber risk

Spotify Resets User Passwords to Protect Against Third Party Data Breaches

For Spotify CEO Daniel Ek, the goal for the rest of 2016 should be simple: don’t rock the boat. The Swedish music streaming service, which is widely expected to go public late next year, is already locked in enough significant conflicts to occupy most of Ek’s waking hours.

Filed under: cybersecurity, data breach, passwords

Why Pen Testing is Not Enough To Prevent Data Breaches

Essential to enterprise security, or a waste of time? Security professionals' opinions regarding penetration testing (pen testing) seem to fall squarely on either side of the spectrum, but—as with most IT practices—its efficacy depends on application and scope. And while pen testing alone is never enough to prevent data breaches from occurring, information gleaned from such efforts nonetheless play a critical role in bolstering a firm's continuous security mechanisms.

Filed under: security, data breaches, IT security

Are Cloud Storage Providers Dropping the Box on Security?

 

Leading cloud storage provider Dropbox is arguably having its worst month since launching back in 2007—but with over half a billion users, it's somewhat surprising that serious issues have only begun to surface between the ubiquitous service and the people trusting it with their files. First, in a recent announcement reminiscent of LinkedIn's latest data breach fiasco, Dropbox announced several weeks ago that over 68 million emails and passwords were compromised in a previously disclosed 2012 data breach. And now, security experts are criticizing the company for misleading OS X users into granting admin password access and root privileges to their systems. What recourse do consumers have when cloud services providers "drop the box" on security, or even worse—when their actions directly jeopardize the users they're supposed to protect?

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cyber risk

How Secure Is Electronic Voting in Today's Digital Landscapes?

As election year moves into the final stretch, news coverage wouldn't be complete without another mention of a politically motivated data breach or cybersecurity incident. Of course, several months ago the DNC's emails were compromised by hackers, resulting in the theft and exposure of 19,000 hacked emails and related documents. This pales in comparison, however, to the recent FBI announcement of data breaches involving both Illinois and Arizona's voter registration databases. If the controls critical to securing election systems continue to fail, how can participants in the democratic process be sure that their votes won't be hijacked?

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cyber risk

Why the Padlock Isn't Good Enough

When you use the internet, your computer has a conversation with a web server for every site you visit. Everything you submit in a form, any data you enter, becomes part of that conversation. The purpose of encryption is to ensure that nobody except you and the server you’re talking to can understand that conversation, because often sensitive information such as usernames and passwords, credit card data, and social security numbers are part of that conversation. Eavesdropping on these digital conversations and harvesting the personal information contained therein has become a profitable industry. But encryption isn’t an on/off switch. It requires careful configuration. In other words, the padlock isn’t always enough.

Filed under: CSTAR, ssl, cybersecurity, encryption

Are Enterprises Thinking About Security All Wrong?

Organizations often regard cybersecurity as a series of barricades protecting the inner workings of the data center from attacks. These barricades can be hardware or software and take actions such as blocking ports, watching traffic patterns for possible intrusions, encrypting communications and so forth. In practice, these measures are only part of a comprehensive cybersecurity strategy, and by themselves will do little to bolster the overall resilience of an organization. But thoroughly tested and streamlined procedures within IT operations can prevent the most common attack point on the internet: misconfigurations.

Filed under: operations, system misconfiguration, security, cyber risk

Why CEO Approval Ratings Matter for Risk Assessments

Our new digital reputation scan provides a fast and easy way to get a risk assessment for your (or any) business. We look at the same stuff that other external risk assessment tools do– SSL configurations, breach history, SPF records and other domain authenticity markers, blacklists and malware activity. We're happy to offer this service for free, because that information is public and we believe that it's what's inside that really matters. Most of the elements we include in our external assessment are not controversial, but one resulted in arguments lasting several days: the CEO approval rating.

In selecting which checks would go into our risk assessment, we here at UpGuard looked at similar site assessment tools and selected only the checks that we thought were relevant to our goal: risk assessment, which overlaps with, but isn't identical to, website best practices. Plus, there are already fine tools for performing those best practices functions, so why duplicate them? We also intentionally omitted checks we thought would not be significant for calculating the risk of data breach and the damage it would cause.

Filed under: CSTAR

How Secure are the Top Online News Sites?

If you regularly use a computer, chances are you spend at least part of your time reading internet news. If you have a subscription, you might even log in and enter your payment info. But how secure are news sites? Here at UpGuard, we took a look at six of the top news media sites on the internet to see how their security stacked up. Many big names had low scores, while a few did very well. What does this mean for the average online news reader?

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cyber risk, webscan

It's Time to Fix Technological Trust

Years ago, our company set out with a mission to solve a problem of trust between software developers and admins. We knew the problem existed firsthand—at our old jobs in a large Australian bank, one of us had been developing software and the other managing operations. We had a disagreement about how to proceed with a deployment. Dev insisted everything was ready but Ops pushed back, saying there was not enough information to trust the changes about to take place. We each saw merit in the other's argument and knew this had to be happening everywhere, so we left our 9-to-5's to build a solution.

UpGuard’s Digital Transformation in 3 Waves

We’ve had the privilege to participate in many successful deployments here at UpGuard. Yet, despite our rapid delivery and metrics like time-to-value surpassing expectations, we found that some of our customers were having some trouble using our platform to move along the path of digital transformation. Sometimes a single feature is enough to convince an organization to invest in a piece of software, but our tack is more holistic. Our view of resilience, and the way in which we manage cyber risk for the enterprise, helps companies in any stage of their digital transformation build the necessary trust to push their business down this often-new and unexplored road.

Filed under: UpGuard101

The Windows Server Hardening Checklist

Whether you’re deploying hundreds of Windows servers into the cloud through code, or handbuilding physical servers for a small business, having a proper method to ensure a secure, reliable environment is crucial to success. Everyone knows that an out-of-the-box Windows server may not have all the necessary security measures in place to go right into production, although Microsoft has been improving the default configuration in every server version. UpGuard presents this ten step checklist to ensure that your Windows servers have been sufficiently hardened against most attacks.

Filed under: configuration, Windows, vulnerabilities, IT operations

Cybersecurity is Not an Olympic Sport


Online business has made traveling for events like the Olympics easier and faster by putting everything from airlines to hotel rooms at the fingertips of anyone with a smartphone and an internet connection. But transferring your personal and financial data across the internet is only as secure as the companies on the other end make it, and from site to site there can be a vast difference of risk. The differences don't necessarily come where you'd expect either, with many popular organizations having middling to low security practices. How can you know who to trust?

Filed under: Infographic, CSTAR, cybersecurity

The Biggest Threat to ATM Security Isn't Card Skimming but Misconfiguration

For believers of the old adage love of money is the root of all evil, it comes as no surprise that most data breaches are carried out for financial gain. Verizon's 2016 Data Breach Investigations Report (DBIR) reveals that the 75 percent of cyber attacks appear to have been financially motivated; suffice to say, it's not surprising that ATMs are constantly in the crosshairs of cyber attackers. 

Filed under: vulnerabilities, data breach

The LastPass Vulnerability and the Future of Password Security

Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg, Google's Sundar Pichai, Twitter's Jack Dorsey, what do these three high-flying CEOs have in common? Their social media accounts were all hijacked recently due to bad password habits. To be fair, these breaches occurred indirectly as a result of triggering events—for example, the massive Linkedin data breach led to Zuckerberg's Twitter account getting hijacked, but one thing is for certain: the executive leadership of the world's leading tech companies are as prone to password management mishaps as the rest of us. Andas the latest LastPass vulnerability serves to illustratepassword management solutions may no longer be a safe alternative for memorizing passwords.

Filed under: vulnerabilities, data breach

Re-Energize Existing Software Through Integration

In 2015, organizations spent over $75 billion on cybersecurity. That’s a lot of money. But 2015 also saw a rise in successful cyber attacks, costing companies hundreds of billions of dollars in damages, loss and other related expenditures. Did all of the security software and hardware purchased with that $75B fail to do its job? Today's landscape requires more than just a collection of isolated products handling specific tasks—it needs an integrated ecosystem dedicated to overall resilience.

Filed under: security, cyber risk, digital resilience, Integrations, trust

Prime Day: How Amazon Handles Cybersecurity

Tuesday July 12th is online retail giant Amazon’s self-styled “Prime Day,” and the potential deals mean a surge in online shopping. Designing systems and applications to handle the amount of traffic a site like Amazon sees day to day, much less during promotions like Prime Day, can be difficult in and of itself. Throw in the complexity of cybersecurity and it becomes clear why so many online retailers have trouble keeping up. Amazon itself has relatively good security, but what exactly does that mean for customers? We’ll look at what measures Amazon has in place, what they mean, and a few simple steps to tighten security even further.

Filed under: security, CSTAR, webscan, cybersecurity

All Bets Are Off on Casinos and Cybersecurity

You've seen enough Hollywood blockbusters about casino heists to know that gambling institutions are constantly in the crosshairs of attackers—online and off. In the digital realm, however, better malware tools and access to deep funding make today's cyber criminals more than a bad movie, especially when lucrative payloads are for the taking.

Filed under: malware, CSTAR, vulnerabilities, data breach

When it Comes to Security, Knowing is Only Half the Battle

Since 2000, the nonprofit Center for Internet Security (CIS) has provided the public service of creating and distributing hardening guidelines for common operating systems and applications. Alongside documents describing what configuration to check, how they should be configured, and how to fix them, CIS also offers a software solution that can analyze a system for compliance with the CIS benchmarks. Despite those resources, and their criticality for information security, the fact remains that becoming and staying secure is a persistent problem. Why is system hardening so hard?

Filed under: security, compliance, cybersecurity, CIS

Just How Risky is Crowdfunding?

There are really only a few ways to get funding: an individual such as a venture capitalist or billionaire, a partnership or strategic investment by a corporation or state agency and getting a large number of people to give you a very small amount of money. Crowdfunding websites claim to offer a platform for the latter, giving inventors, artists and small businesses a method by which to propel themselves on the merits (or popularity) of their ideas, without needing inside connections or extensive business acumen as the other methods usually require. But because all of the transactions involved in crowdfunding take place on the internet, cybersecurity should be a number one concern for both users and operators of these websites. We used our external risk grader to analyze 7 crowdfunding industry leaders and see how they compare to each other and other industries.

Filed under: security, CSTAR, cybersecurity, crowdfunding

Is Symantec's Latest Failure the End of Enterprise Security?

Cybersecurity news items are usually one of two things: your "run-of-the-mill" data breach announcement or vulnerability alert, usually software-related. This week's Symantec fiasco falls into the latter bucket, but it isn't your average vulnerability alert. In fact, this is the one that most enterprise security professionals have been dreading and horrified to hear: that your security defenses are not only ineffective—they can be used against you by attackers.

Filed under: CSTAR, vulnerabilities, cybersecurity

Can Fast Food be Bad For Cybersecurity?

No, we aren't talking about your burger-inhaling operator passing out on the job, leaving your precious IT assets unattended. You've probably guessed that we're referring to the latest Wendy's data breach announcementon June 9th, the international fast food chain disclosed that its January 2016 security compromise was, in fact, a lot worse than originally stated—potentially eclipsing the Home Depot and Target data breaches. 

Filed under: malware, CSTAR, vulnerabilities, data breach

Buying a Computer Online Soon? Acer Data Breach Highlights Retail Danger

A few days ago, Taiwanese computer manufacturer Acer disclosed that "a flaw" in their online store allowed hackers to retrieve almost 35,000 credit card numbers, including security codes, and other personal information. Most of the major personal computer retailers have online stores like Acer's, allowing people to buy directly from the manufacturer, rather than through a reseller like Amazon. But how secure are these digital outlet stores, and what are the chances that if you use them you'll end up like Acer's customers? We examined seven industry leaders with our external risk grader to see how they stacked up, and unfortunately, Acer wasn't alone in its security practices.

Filed under: security, CSTAR, IT security, data breach

Is Employee Happiness Affecting Cybersecurity?

Glassdoor's 2016 Employees' Choice Awards Highest Rated CEO List includes household names like Marc Beniof, Mark Zuckerberg, and Tim Cook—CEOs of companies that also score high marks for strong security. Is there any correlation between a company's cyber risk profile and its CEO employee approval rating?

Filed under: vulnerabilities, cybersecurity, data breach

Why Should I Care About Cyber Risk?

The term cyber risk is often used to describe a business’ overall cybersecurity posture, i.e., at how much risk is this business, given the measures it has taken to protect itself. It’s often coupled with the idea of cyber insurance, the necessary coverage between what a company can do security-wise, and the threats it faces day in and day out. Cybersecurity used to belong exclusively in the realm of Information Technology, one of many business silos that while important, was only a small piece of the business and as such, often delegated to a C-level manager who interfaced with other executives as necessary. Today’s businesses have outgrown this model, as what used to be considered information technology has grown to encompass business itself, permeating every aspect of it, governing its speed, its range, its possibilities. As a CEO or CFO, the way your business handles information technology and begins to foster cyber resilience, reflects the way you think about your company and its place in the contemporary market.

Filed under: insurance, cyber risk, data breach, business risk

ATM Skimming and The Future of External Threats

A routine fill-up at the local gas station or ATM withdrawal might cost you dearly these days. With the recent surge in ATM and gas pump skimming attacks, you certainly wouldn't be alone—in fact, the odds are one in three that you'll fall victim to identity theft once your financial data is swiped. Is there any hope in an increasingly hostile landscape rife with external threats?

Filed under: security, vulnerabilities, data breach

How Secure Is Your Cell Phone Provider?

It’s 2016 and you have a cell phone. You also probably pay your cell phone bill online or through an app. Telecom companies handle the world’s communication and part of what that entails is securing that communication to guarantee privacy and integrity to their customers. Here at UpGuard, we scanned ten of the major telecom corporations with our external risk grader to see how their web and email security measured up. These are big money companies with many moving parts, but we’re focusing on the primary web presence a person would consider, for example www.att.com. Turns out there’s some good news and some bad news... depending on which carrier you use.

Filed under: security, CSTAR, webscan, telecom

The Password Security Checklist

Yesterday you might have read about Facebook founder and user Mark Zuckerberg’s social media accounts getting “hacked.” Hacked is maybe not the right word here, since many people believe Zuck’s password was among the 117 million leaked LinkedIn passwords recently posted online. If this is true, it means that Zuckerberg used the same password for multiple websites, allowing the damage done by the LinkedIn hack to spread into other areas. If you have or want a job, chances are you also have a LinkedIn account, and if you had one back in 2012, it was probably one of the compromised accounts from that incident. Do you still use that password anywhere? Our 9 step password security checklist will help you secure your accounts, whether you’re a billionaire CEO or just someone who likes to post funny cat videos.

Filed under: security, cybersecurity, data breach, passwords, checklist

UpGuard: An Adaptable NERC Compliance Solution

The North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) creates regulations for businesses involved in critical power infrastructure under the guidance and approval of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). A few of these, the Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) standards, protect the most important links in the chain and are enforced under penalty of heavy fines for non-compliance. Many of the CIP standards cover cybersecurity, as much of the nation’s infrastructure is now digital. To prove compliance with CIP standards, companies must have a system of record that can be shown to auditors to prove they have enacted the required security measures to protect their cyber assets.

Filed under: configuration testing, compliance, visibility, NERC

The Importance of Being Securely LinkedIn

Chances are, if you've any semblance of a professional life, you probably have a corresponding LinkedIn account to show for it. And if that's the case, your data was likely stolen in the massive 2012 data breach, now thought to be more expansive than originally posited. Last week, the world's largest professional social network sent out a notice stating that its initial announcement of 6.5 million stolen passwords turns out to be quite off—by about 110.5 million.

Filed under: LinkedIn, data breach

Almost Compliant With NERC CIPv5? CIPv6 is On Its Way

The NERC CIP v5 standards will be enforced beginning in July of this year, but version 6 is already on the horizon. Previously, we examined the differences between v3 and v5, and we saw how the CIPs related to cybersecurity were evolving. This pattern continues in v6, with changes coming to some of the cyber CIPs and the addition of standards regarding “transient cyber assets and removable media,” but the major changes in v6 have to do with scope-- which facilities are required to comply, and at what level they must comply: low, medium or high impact. We’ll examine some of the differences coming up in CIPv6 and what they will mean for the industry.

Filed under: compliance, cybersecurity, NERC, process

Important Changes in NERC CIP Compliance Between v3 and v5

While it’s not certain that society would become a zombie apocalypse overnight if the power grids failed, it is hard to imagine how any aspect of everyday life would continue in the event of a vast, extended electrical outage. Part of what makes electrical infrastructure resilient against these types of events are the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) regulatory standards, especially the Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) standards, which provide detailed guidelines for both physical and cyber security. The CIP standards evolve along with the available technology and known threats, so they are versioned to provide structured documentation and protocols for companies to move from one iteration of the standards to the next. But the jump from version 3 to version 5 involves many new requirements, so we'll look at some of the differences between the two and what they mean for businesses in the industry.

Filed under: security, configuration management, compliance, cybersecurity, NERC

Inside Salesforce.com's $20 Million Dollar Firmware Bug

Salesforce.com's recent day-long outage—what many tech journalists have been referring to as "Outage #NA14"—may actually end up costing the firm $20 million, according financial services firm D.A. Davidson's estimates. The untimely incident occurred just as the company was gearing up to report its Q1 earnings; luckily, $20 million is a drop in the bucket compared to $1.92 billion, Salesforce.com's best first quarter yet. This may be enough to pacify Wall Street analysts, but can the world's largest business SaaS provider sustain another outage of similar proportions or greater?

Filed under: downtime, saleforce.com

11 Steps to Secure SQL

Whether you’re running Microsoft’s SQL Server (soon to run on Linux) or the open source MySQL, you need to lockdown your databases to keep your data private and secure. These 11 steps will guide you through some of the basic principles of database security and how to implement them. Combined with a hardened web server configuration, a secure database server will keep an application from becoming an entry point into your network and keep your data from ending up dumped on the internet. When provisioning a new SQL server, remember to factor security in from the get-go; it should be a part of your regular process, not something applied retroactively, as some key security measures require fundamental configuration changes for insecurely installed database servers and applications.

Filed under: SQL, security, mysql, database

Microsoft May Have Just Stolen the Future from Apple

The Mac is undeniably the platform of choice for designers and artists, and for good reason. Apple's designers—and Steve Jobs in particular, according to legend—took special care to make even the first Macs superior to PCs in ways that would matter to those in visual fields. Font selections and type rendering on computers, as one example, were decidedly crude prior to the Macintosh. It's a minor detail for the number cruncher or spreadsheet user, but can mean everything to those in the arts. For that reason and others like it, Apple has enjoyed the unflinching endearment of a certain subset of users.

Filed under: developer, unix, Windows, apple

How to Build a Tough NGINX Server in 15 Steps

Arguably--in that people literally argue about it--there are two types of web servers: traditional servers like Apache and IIS, often backhandedly described as “full-featured,” and “lightweight” servers like Lighttp and nginx, stripped down for optimum memory footprint and performance. Lightweight web servers tend to integrate better into the modern, containerized environments designed for scale and automation. Of these, nginx is a frontrunner, serving major websites like Netflix, Hulu and Pintrest. But just because nginx slams Apache in performance doesn’t mean it’s immune from the same security problems the old heavyweight endures. By following our 15 step checklist, you can take advantage of nginx’s speed and extensibility while still serving websites secured against the most common attacks.

Filed under: nginx, cybersecurity